Uber’s legal battle with Los Angeles is heating up, as the ride-hailing company looks to take its data privacy dispute to federal court. The company’s scooter service has been kicked out of the city after Uber refused to provide the Los Angeles Department of Transportation with real-time location data on its riders.
The lawsuit filed on Monday addresses the LADOT’s requests for real-time location data, a policy the city instituted in September 2018 for scooter companies. The data requests are a part of the city’s “Mobility Data Specification” plan — which cities like Seattle, Austin, Texas and Louisville, Kentucky have also adopted.
Governments are requesting scooter location data because they believe it can help with city planning and also prevent tech companies from running roughshod over public roads, as ride-hailing companies did during its boom.
Uber provides several cities with its scooter location data, but argues that Los Angeles’s request goes too far by asking for real-time information. Location data is sensitive information that can reveal a person’s workplace, hobbies, relationships and habits, and when it’s logged and tracked in real-time, it raises even more privacy concerns.
“Real-time in-trip geolocation data is not good for planning bike lanes, or figuring out deployment patterns in different neighborhoods, or dealing with complaints about devices that are parked in the wrong place, or monitoring compliance with permit requirements,” the lawsuit, filed on behalf of Uber scooter division JUMP, said. “What it is good for is surveillance.”
LADOT didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.
Uber had originally tried to sue LADOT last October, but delayed it over an administrative process with the city agency in attempt to negotiate the data policy. The process didn’t end up in Uber’s favor, and the company has until March 15 to remove its scooters from Los Angeles’ streets.
The LADOT hasn’t explained why the location data it requests needs to be in real-time, as state senators asked during a hearing on Feb. 25. At the hearing, California’s Legislative Counsel noted that the requests for real-time data violates the state’s Electronic Communications Privacy Act, an opinion it first reached in August 2019.
Uber is the sole standout among scooter companies refusing to give LA its location data, as its rivals like Lime, Spin and Lyft are complying with the city regulations.
The company has attempted to compromise with LADOT, offering geolocation data but only after 24 hours from when the trip started and stopped. Uber argued that this type of data would allow for LADOT to use data for planning purposes, without affecting its users’ privacy.
According to the lawsuit, LADOT rejected the compromise, and suspended the company’s city permits for scooters.
Uber’s lawsuit claims that LADOT is violating the Fourth Amendment by asking for the company’s business records without a warrant. The company said it already shares data with many cities on how its scooters are being used, but argues that LADOT is overstepping its demands by asking for real-time data.
“We are deeply supportive of building a data sharing standard that can serve all cities without jeopardizing consumer privacy,” Ruby Zefo, Uber’s chief privacy officer, said in a statement. “That way, consumers can be confident that their movements are protected when using our platform, regardless of where they travel or where they live.”