Simulators are invaluable tools in the arsenal of companies developing autonomous vehicles (AVs). They’re used by Waymo, GM’s Cruise, Zoox, and countless others to validate systems’ scalability and safety, not to mention train the machine learning algorithms underlying their real-world cars.

But not every company has the resources to build their own software simulator from scratch. That’s why former Google product manager and software engineer Peter Ludwig (who worked on Android Automotive, Google Maps, and Google My Business) and Y Combinator partner and COO Qasar Younis (previously group product manager at Google Maps) cofounded Applied Intuition, which provides infrastructure for developing, testing, and deploying AVs. After a successful two years spent attracting the business of unnamed driverless vehicle, mining, and delivery robot firms in Silicon Valley, Detroit, Europe, and Asia, they’re gearing up for expansion with fresh capital in tow.

Applied Intuition today announced that it’s secured $40 million in series B funding led by General Catalyst, with participation from Kleiner Perkins, Microsoft’s M12, Sozo Ventures, and La Famiglia. Previous investors Andreessen Horowitz, Lux Capital, and Floodgate also contributed, bringing the two-year-old Sunnyvale, California-based company’s total raised to over $50 million following an $11.5 million series A in September 2018.

The new investment will enable Applied Intuition to accelerate its international expansion, said General Catalyst managing director Hemant Taneja.

“The team at Applied Intuition represents a rare combination of top Silicon Valley and Detroit experts who are uniquely equipped to shape the future of the transportation industry.  What they’re building aims to move the entire industry forward in part by significantly increasing the velocity of software development,” added Taneja. “That intersection of focus and skill set makes us believe this team has the potential to become an enduring leader in the autonomy space.”

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Applied Intuition’s extensive integrated development environment enables customers to simulate every component of their tech stack. That’s unlike the video game engines used by some to build and test driverless cars, which Ludwig and Younis argue are generally geared toward visuals rather than realistic physics.

Within Applied Intuition’s on-premises and cloud platform, developers can import maps for locations of interest (as well as the behaviors of objects in that environment) and use a drag-and-drop scenario editor to generate permutations to cover edge cases. They’re able to run large sets of scenarios against AV software and step through code with a web-based visualizer, and to track progress and share results with collaborators via URLs while programmatically extracting drive snippets with customized rules.

Applied Intuition says its solution scales to millions of simulations petabytes in size across large fleets of delivery robots, cars, and trucks, and it says the average customer is able to integrate its solutions with existing software within two weeks.

Current and previous Applied Intuition investors include TalkBin cofounder Michael Ma, Matrix general partner Illya Sukhar, and Product Hunt founding team member Erik Torenberg. Mike Maples, Elad Gil, and Ron Conway. Its founding team hails from Google, Google parent company Alphabet’s X lab, Waymo, Microsoft, Amazon, Nvidia, Apple, Aptiv, and Bosch, plus automakers like GM, Volvo, Toyota, Ford, and Tesla.

Applied Intuition’s funding infusion comes as autonomous car companies increasingly contribute tools to open source. The latest version of Baidu’s Apollo, the Beijing company’s open source full-stack software solution for driverless vehicles, was released earlier this year. Separately, Waymo recently debuted a data set for autonomous vehicle multimodal sensors, following Lyft’s reveal of its corpus for autonomous vehicle development. In June, Cruise Cruise open-sourced Webviz, a tool for robotics data analysis, and in February, Uber launched a web-based platform for vehicle data dubbted Autonomous Visualization System.

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